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Winter Driving: 5 Tips to Arrive Safely

While the calendar still says it’s fall, in the northern hemisphere many people are starting to see winter conditions: freezing rain and snow covered roads. Every year around this time it seems like people have forgotten how to safely drive in adverse weather conditions. I live in Michigan, a northern state in the United States, and I routinely see the lack of safety awareness when driving in winter weather.

I was driving home on a local freeway, it was a snowy day where at times it was almost whiteout conditions. Most people were appropriately driving slowly; they were trying to drive safely. With a few cars in the ditch, it was clear that this did not include everyone. Then I noticed a car ahead of me with its hazard lights flashing while driving slowly. As I slowly passed the car on the left, I glanced over and noticed the driver was talking on her cell phone. She apparently was concerned about driving in this weather since she thought she should use her hazard lights, but she still decided it was okay to talk on the phone.

Driving in Winter Conditions

I’ll get back to that particular driver, however, before I do, it is important to consider some useful tips for driving safely during this time of the year. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and AAA have put together a number of suggestions for safe winter driving. Below are five of those tips:

    • First and foremost, drive slower. When the roads are snow covered, and especially when they are icy, it is harder to control your car and you need more distance between you and any vehicle in front. Allow for more space between your car and the one in front of you than you normally do.
    • Second, know what type of brakes you have on your car. It makes a difference. With antilock brakes you apply firm steady pressure when braking. If you don’t have antilock brakes, then you need to pump them when trying to stop.
    • Third, if you start into a skid, keep calm and take your foot off the gas and continue steering in the direction you want the car to go. Keep your foot off of the gas and the brakes until you are back in control of your car.
    • Fourth, don’t use your cruise control in icy conditions.
    • Fifth, be especially careful on bridges, overpasses and infrequently traveled roads, which will freeze first. Even at temperatures above freezing, if the conditions are wet, you might encounter ice in shady areas or on exposed roadways such as bridges.


Having a car breakdown during a snowstorm or freezing weather has its own dangers.

Get Your Car Serviced

Having a car breakdown during a snowstorm or freezing weather has its own dangers. You need to make sure your car is road ready. This means:

    • Check Your Battery for sufficient voltage and that the battery cables are tight.
    • Check Your Cooling System and make sure you have sufficient coolant.
    • Fill Your Windshield Washer Reservoir with high-quality winter fluid that has de-icer. Remember you can use a lot of windshield fluid in a snowstorm.
    • Check Your Windshield Wipers and Defroster, making sure they work and the wiper blades are not worn.
    • Make sure your floor mat does not interfere with your gas and brake pedals.
    • Inspect your tires and make sure they are properly inflated and there is no uneven wear on the tread.


Make a Plan

Before heading out into bad weather, check the weather reports and road conditions. When appropriate, leave early so you don’t have to rush. Also, be sure to have a number of items in your car in case of an emergency, such as:

    • Snow shovel
    • Kitty litter for traction in case your car gets stuck in the snow to give your car possible traction
    • Jumper cables
    • Flashlight
    • Blankets, and
    • Flares and emergency markers.


A Lack of Understanding

Now to return to my story of the woman driver talking on the phone with her hazard lights turned on. Obviously, talking on a cell phone while driving in dangerous road conditions is a clear lack of understanding of her situation and the risk she was creating. But even more than that, was the belief that using her hazard lights was making her safer. While she may have been more visible, the problem is it can create more risks. Having those lights on can cause confusion for other drivers who then start looking for a hazard and also a vehicle’s turn signal will not work with the hazard lights turned on. Additionally, many states in the U.S. make it illegal to use hazard lights unless it is a clear emergency or hazard on the road, and bad weather is not considered a clear emergency or a road hazard.

Understand Your Situation

During this season of holiday gatherings, family celebrations and time with friends, it is possible you will be on the road in bad weather conditions. Before heading out, make your plans and prepare yourself to respond appropriately. While driving, slow it down and recognize the extra risks from the weather. While driving, remember to be alert to your safety, always wear your seat belt, keep two hands on the wheel and put your cell phone away so you can focus on driving.

Click here for the full list of NHTSA Recommendations.

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  1. David Wallace wrote a very useful commentary but missed the e most important winter driving tip: winter in Arizona or Florida. Seriously even those of us who live in Minnesota and other cold icy & snowy states can benefit from his reminders and winter driving.

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